Discovering Deep-Sea Corals of the Phoenix Islands 2

Collages of Corals

SOI / ROV SuBastian
Jun. 11 2021

My name is Constance Sartor, and I am an artist and scientist who makes collages out of magazines. Despite the current digital age, there are still over 7,357 different print magazines produced annually in the United States alone. This results in billions of copies of magazines discarded into our landfills, some of which are recycled. Rather than discarding magazines, I ‘upcycle’ them by piecing them together into collage artwork. Flipping through the pages, I carefully tear out a palette of colors and textures to use in my artwork. From the paper scrap palette, I puzzle together the pieces to create a detailed image. Sustainability is increasingly important in today’s climate and one of the main goals of my artwork is to bring awareness to upcycling.

An image of an art piece by Constance Sartor. It is a collage art piece showing a giant clam. The clam's shell is grayish brown and the inside of the clam is purple and blue.
There used to be four species of giant clams (CHamoru: Hima) native to Guam; however, due to fishing, only Tridacna maxima remains. The vibrant colors of the clam mantles vary by individual and also host symbiotic algae. This collage was made from magazine images including fish, fire, stone, algae, gloves, and bread.Constance Sartor

 Another aim of my artwork is to bring attention to our natural world. On the Pacific island of Guam, just 13° north of the equator, I study fragile shallow reef ecosystems. Coral reefs are important ecosystems but are dying because of climate change. I look at corals at a molecular level to determine what makes some species capable of withstanding heat stress. As I finish my master’s degree in biology at the University of Guam, I hope to contribute to the growing body of knowledge on how corals may be able to withstand the rapidly changing climate through both art and science.

 Just south of the equator, in the Phoenix Islands Protected Area (PIPA), deep sea corals are dealing with a different kind of stressor. Over the next few weeks, Dr. Rotjan and her team of scientists will investigate the immune response of deep-sea corals to corallivory, or coral predation. Living on a nutrient-limited seamount, a wound could prove fatal to the coral, so the science team wants to learn about how the coral responds to such a stressor. The immune response of these corals could even have important implications for human health. By studying the bacteria within the coral as well as the coral associates, the team will learn about how these organisms survive in such extreme environments.

A picture of a collage art piece by Constance Sartor. The image depicts a bright orange fish with yellow caudal and pelvic fins, and a bright blue anal fin.
Collage of Centropyge shepardi (Mariana angelfish). Endemic to the Mariana Islands and occasionally Japan, this small mango-colored fish navigates the coral reefs at a depth of about 20 m. This collage was made from magazine images including fire, deserts, flowers, furniture, and the ocean floor.Constance Sartor

 As the science team uses research to piece together the story of a deep-sea coral ecosystem, I will do so creativity  by making a series of ‘upcycled’ magazine collages. With a stack of National Geographic magazines sitting in my ship cabin as we begin our voyage, I will start to search for the colors and textures that represent the aphotic ecosystem of the PIPA. Each collage will depict a unique organism unfamiliar to me, and probably to most of the world. Through these patchwork images, I hope to bring you one step closer to the deep-sea corals and coral associates of the Phoenix Islands.

A picture of a collage art piece by Constance Sartor. The piece depicts a flightless bird only found in Guam. The bird has a light brown back and a white and black barred stomach
One of Guam’s endemic birds, Gallirallus owstoni, or the Guam Rail (CHamoru: Ko’ko’) was considered extinct from the wild due to the introduction of invasive brown tree snakes. Through captive breeding, the flightless bird is now repopulating Coco’s Island, just south of Guam. This collage was made from magazine images including stone, forests, alligators, and cats.Constance Sartor

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