Carolyn Ruppel is a Research Geophysicist at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Project Chief for the USGS’s Gas Hydrates Project, which focuses on energy and environmental aspects of natural methane hydrates.  She received her Ph.D. at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and was as a Postdoctoral Scholar at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution before spending a dozen years as a professor at Georgia Tech and three years as a program officer at the National Science Foundation.  Since joining the USGS in 2006, her research has focused on the properties of hydrate-bearing sediments; methane seep discoveries on the U.S. Atlantic margin; climate-hydrate interactions; Arctic Ocean subsea permafrost and heat flow; and imaging the distribution of gas hydrate on the U.S. Arctic and Atlantic margins.   Carolyn serves as the Chief Scientist for “Observing Seafloor Methane Seeps at the Edge of Hydrate Stability” and is also responsible for the geophysical mapping and water column imaging program.